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ABOUT ISTANBUL

Approximately 12 million inhabitants, is one of the busiest cities in the world. The 34-year production of 133 billion dollars takes place. Turkey's cultural and financial center. Istanbul, 41 ° N, 29 ° E is located at coordinates. Shores of Marmara and the Bosphorus (Bogazici) along the Golden Horn, in the northwest of Turkey encompasses. European part of Istanbul Rumeli side, while the Asian part is called the Anatolian side. The only metropolis in the world situated on two continents.

Islands, hunters, Bağcılar, Centrum, Centrum, Bayrampaşa, Besiktas, Beykoz, Beyoğlu, Growth ükçekmece, Çatalca, Eminonu, Esenler, Eyüp, Fatih, Gaziosmanpaşa, Güngö ren, Kadıköy, Pendik, Kartal, Küçükçekmece, Maltepe, Pendik, Saunders, Sultanbeyli, Silivri, Sile, Eyüp, Fatih, Üsküdar, Tuzla, has Zeytinburnu Yeşilpınar districts.

Important places in Istanbul


Walls
Walls of Istanbul, Istanbul's city walls surround the 7th time Starting century, built, collapses and re-yapmalarla was sold four times. Latest production, A.D. 408 later. II. Theodosius I (408-450) time Seraglio walls along the Golden Horn in Istanbul and the Marmara coast along this way Ayvansaray pleading, Yedikule Topkapi, Topkapi Ayvansaray stretched. The walls length 22 km. 5.5 km from the walls of the Golden Horn., Road 6.5 km. Marmara Walls 9 km.

 


Palaces
Dolmabahçe Palace: Dolmabahçe Palace, Karaköy between Besiktas and Kabatas Sarıyer section of coastline stretching of the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus left of the entrance by the sea on the beach, located opposite the palace of Üsküdar. Ikan emerged from the sea in the area where a filled Dolmabahçe was named for. Have been removed by external funds for the construction of boron. Beylerbeyi Palace Beylerbeyi palace between 1861-1865 by Sultan Abdulaziz in place a wooden seaside palace was built by Sarkis Balyan.

 


Topkapi Palace: Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, in the days which we and the world's oldest and the largest surviving palace. The location, the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Sea of ??Marmara, Istanbul, which is the first settlement on the acropolis. The end point of the triangle on the historic Istanbul peninsula, 5 km long surrounded by walls, is a complex occupies an area of ??700,000 m2.

 


Yıldız Palace: Sultan Ahmed III for the first time. Selim (1789 - 1807) was built for the Sultan's mother Mihrişah, especially the Ottoman Sultan II. Was used as the main palace of the Ottoman Empire Abdülhamit Today, the palace is located in the Beşiktaş district. Not a single building, such as Dolmabahce Palace, from the coast of the Sea of ??Marmara to the northwest ridge rising slope of the line that covers up all settled into a garden and a grove palaces, mansions, management, preservation, collection of service buildings and parks.



Ciragan Palace: Besiktas district of Istanbul, located on the historic palace, Ciragan Caddesi. Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, the palaces and mansions of the most beautiful places were reserved for the sultans and important. Over time, many of them were destroyed. A large Ciragan palace was burned in 1910. At an earlier wooden palace was built in 1871 by Sultan Abdulaziz palace architect Serkis Balyan. Which cost 4 million over four years under the partition wall and the roof of the structure of wood, the walls were covered with marble. For the construction was financed by the European states. Outstanding examples of stone masonry columns, richly decorated places were completed. The rooms precious carpets and furniture gilded and decorated with mother of pearl pen works. Such as the Bosphorus Ciragan palaces, many other important meetings. Decorated with colorful marble facades, monumental gates connected with a bridge had to Yıldız Palace. Surrounded by high walls on the street side. Remains standing in ruins for many years has been a great revival at the end of repairs, along with additional plug-ins five-star, converted at a beautiful beach. Garden decorative pool, a pier and has a helipad. Today hosts many social activities.


Taksim Square
Taksim square, the name of the district and to Galata-Beyoglu water "was divided", from Taksim Maksemi'nden.

Before the challenge, which is lined with old houses in a narrow region, city, took its current shape after extended as a challenge. The Statue of the Republic in the middle of the square and its surroundings are used as a place of ceremony takes on the function and meeting place. Tunnel nostalgic tram runs until the beginning of the square.

Taksim Square, which has become a symbol of Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica built in the Republic Monument, built in 1928. Lasted for 2.5 years with the construction of the monument, memorial stone and bronze was used. For the cost of the money collected from the public. Monuments of the Republican period, and the new layout for the first time describes a figurative expression of a statue of Atatürk. Did not feature in Taksim area planted before Memorial.


Sultanahmet Square
Istanbul is one of the most important squares. Known as the Byzantine period, the Hippodrome. "Race" Greek "hippos" (horse) and "dromos" (lead), and consisting of a combination of the words "atyolu" is a word that means. During the Ottoman period was called Horse Square.

Date, very little remains of important structures and monuments from the Byzantine period were built around the Hippodrome. "Great Palace" from the Hippodrome, known as the Imperial Palace, aşağılara, jutted out to the edge of the sea. The mosaic floor of the palace have survived to the present day this is a great hall. And this is the main avenue of the city's most important square Agusteion Millairium there were triumphal arch. Rome was the beginning of the street and the first milestone on the road dating back to here.

In the time of the Ottoman Janissary rebellion is in this region, which lasted forty days and forty nights, circumcision ceremonies and festivals were held here. His 1920 speech against the occupation Halide Edip rally took place in the Sultanahmet.

In the middle of the square was constructed to commemorate the German Kaiser Wilhelm's visit fountains. Justice is located on the west side of the square in Istanbul. Today the square is the center of Istanbul's main tourist attractions.


Beyazit square
A historic square in the Eminönü district of Istanbul. History of Istanbul University, and is home to the Grand Bazaar. Frequented by tourists in the square containing the point Beyazit Mosque. City air, land, sea and can be reached by rail. 2 units are available at the city's international airport is Yesilkoy Ataturk Airport and Sabiha Gokcen Airport.

Great in Istanbul Topkapı Palace in Istanbul Thrace Bus Station Bus Station insufficient to arrive in 1980 on the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in 1987 with the treaty signed between Great London Bus Transportation Company began to be built, was put into service in 1994. Although the world's 3rd largest Europe's largest bus station is bus station.

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